Tomatoes are perhaps the best homegrown vegetables across the country today. It grows very well in a vegetable garden and if you prepare the ground very well. Growing this vegetable is not difficult. As a beginner, you must know how to go about avoid making mistakes. If you do know to understand how to grow the fruits, you are certainly bound to make a mistake. You must learn how to do it before you dabble into growing the plant.
How do tomatoes grow for beginners?
The tip to become successful with tomato growing is that you have to choose the best specific. There are different species out there. If you have enough information about your weather and the environment, it can help you to pick the best variety that can do well in your area. There are thousands of varieties out there and all these varieties may not be suitable in your area. So, the first basic step to take is to determine the best variety for your area.
Study the climate you reside as some species can do well in warm climates. The species you choose determines the best time to plant the vegetable.
Do not crowd tomato seedlings
There are also different ways of starting the plant. Many people choose to grow it from the seedlings. If you want to grow it from the seedlings, then provide it enough rooms or spaces to enable it to branch out. It is better if you thin the tomato seedlings to just one strong plant. If you grow it in a crowded condition, it is not good because it is going to inhibit the growth. It can also stress the plant and cause serious diseases that may kill off the plants. When these tomatoes bring out the first set of leaves, you can transplant them to the vegetable garden you want to grow them.
Before you plant the tomatoes on the ground, check out the temperature condition. This aspect is very important. If you want to plant it in the garden, ensure that the outdoor temperature is in perfect condition and it has to be within the range of 65 degrees Fahrenheit and 85 degrees Fahrenheit during the daytime. in the night hours, the temperature should not be cooler than 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Because of that, experts recommend that the best time to plant tomatoes is towards the end of the first month of summer.
In planting the seedling on the ground is has to be well spaced. You must provide a distance of 18 inches distance from each other. This is important because it provides them with sufficient space and air. The seedlings require these to mature very well and be healthy. You must provide sufficient space for airflow. Some species even demand space of 36 inches and you can see it grow to bushes.
Planting tomatoes on the ground
To plant the tomatoes, you dig a hole of 6 inches deep and the width of the hole should be 1.5 times wider than the starter tomato plant. It is good that you support the plant to grow by adding fertilizer to the hole. Mix the fertilizer with nutrients in the soil bottom. Ensure that you mix thoroughly.
After that take the starter plant seedling from the pot and put it in the soil. While doing that ensure that the stem does not damage. If it damages, it may be difficult for the plant to survive. Moreover, ensure that the root is well inserted into the ground. The roots should not be allowed to over damage. If a few of the damages, it would still survive.
While planting the tomatoes, the lower leaves may be removed if it is obstructing the planting process. Cover the root to the ground and ensure it is stable. If it is well buried in the ground, the plant will grow faster and it would be strong as well.
Then you have to support the plant with soil dug out from the ground. Press the soil very well but gently to ensure that there are no bubbles left. When you plant it, then it is necessary to water it regularly to help it grow and survive.
Remember that when you water the tomatoes, ensure that there is no wet on the leaves. This is helpful to prevent pests from invading the plant. At this developmental stage, pests can be detrimental and do not allow anything that can attract them to the plant. Once you provide enough support, the plant will grow normally.
Tomatoes can grow very well but you must prepare the ground for them to grow. The environment has to be conducive. This plant loves heat. Ensure that the air temperature, as well as the soil, is warm. To help it grow faster, cover the plant area with plastic material. The best plastic materials to use for this purpose include red and black materials. You can do this for a couple of weeks.
If you plant it deeply, it makes the tomatoes grow healthy. Depending on the species of tomatoes you are planting, it does not require complicated support. Ensure that the support is simple. Just ensure that it does not collapse during the summer storm. Perhaps the best support you can give to it is the use of the pole. If you like you can interplant it with fast-growing crops. Many people prefer to use lettuce for this purpose. It can grow very well with a weed mat. The importance of weed mat is that it makes it clean and helps very well in slug control.
How do you take care of tomato plants?
If you want tomatoes to grow very well and be productive, you have to devote sufficient time to take good care of the plant. The best way to take good care of it is to feed and water it regularly. You have to apply liquid feed and water directly to the plant root. Ensure that these get down to the bottom root. Moreover, when it is beginning to grow, you have to provide the right tomato fertilizer. You can also provide support using comfrey liquid and so on.
To ensure that the plant is healthy and productive, then you have to provide it with water. Daily watering is recommended until it has attained a certain age.
Research has shown that tomatoes can grow well when there is sufficient moisture level on the plant soil. Because of that, you must form the habit of watering this plant regularly and deeply too. If you want it to do well, it is recommended that you water it daily. To help the water get to the root, you can drench the ground with the root area and apply water daily to the plant. Even if you are growing the tomatoes in a container, you have also to water them daily. Water is very important for the survival of this plant.
Another way of taking good care of the plant is by mulching. This plant as said earlier is heat-loving. You must do all you can to make the root to be warm. To make this possible, you have mulched the fruit at the time you are planting it.
Pruning of the garden is also recommended. If suckers develop, you have to prune them. Do not allow the suckers to grow big such that they can turn to a new stem. When you remove all the suckers, it paves the way for just one stem for the fruit. This is good because it makes it easier to control and monitor the growth process. Furthermore, it prevents it from preventing the flowering and production of fruits. What you require is the tomato fruits and not more leaves. Because of that, you must always prune the plant.
As the plant continues to mature and reaches up to 18 inches tall, you can remove the lowest of the leaves. Remove those close to the ground. The importance of this is to prevent it from getting any of the soil-borne diseases.
Perhaps the most important way of taking care of your tomato plant is the application of fertilizer plants. This support is necessary for its healthy growth since research indicates that this plant is a heavy feeder. Provide the food and nutrients it deserves for healthy growth. Ensure that you fertilize this plant at a regular interval once you have planted it at the permanent place you want it to grow. When you apply fertilizer, it is good to apply liquid organic fertilizer.
Do tomatoes grow better in pots or the ground?
There is always the concern of where to grow tomatoes. The choice is between whether to grow it on the ground of the pot. It is better to grow it on the soil, the loose, rich soil is the best way to grow it. This is the best for all kinds of tomatoes. Some tomatoes have an extensive root which means that it grows deeper into the soil. Usually, this kind of tomato is bigger than others. If you grow that directly to the ground it can do better.
Just as some are suited for direct plantation to the soil, some can do better in a container. However, it is always better to plant it directly in the soil. It can do better under that condition than when it is planted in the container. Remember that tomatoes are of different sizes and if you want the tomatoes to do better then you have to plant them on the ground.
If you want to plant tomatoes on the container, it will be more laborious because it requires constant watering. The problem is that of watering. Moreover, such a condition is the problem, it becomes difficult to take care of it. When it grows directly on the container, it can get diseases easily. If the water is not well-watered, then the chances of dehydrating are always there. Whether you plant it on the container or the plant, it requires constant fertilization and compositing. Once the option is there whether to grow it on the ground or container, you have to choose the ground. It is going to do better than planting it on the container. You are sure of getting more yield and it is going to be less laborious.
Apart from that when you grow your tomatoes on the ground, they will grow very well if you take correct care of them. Besides, the chances of contracting diseases are not as pronounced as those planted on the container. Most importantly, you are likely going to do more and better harvest when you have it on the ground. Growing it on the ground is always a better option but a problem sets in when you do that on the same spot continuously. If you plant on the same spot continuously, the yield will begin to depreciate.
Should you water tomato plants every day?
As stated earlier, it is good to water the plant regularly. Water moist the ground and is ideal for growing. It is important that water it earlier in the morning and you have to do that every day. When the temperature becomes too hot, you can water the plant twice a day. If you want your garden tomatoes to grow healthy, then you have to apply 1 to 2 inches of water weekly. You must have to water your tomatoes daily and with time, you can do that twice daily.
What helps tomato plants grow faster?
Just as your tomatoes need macronutrients to grow, you have also to provide micronutrients like magnesium. These are great for your tomatoes because it makes it to grow faster and healthier. If you do not supply these nutrients, it will have stunted growth. When you apply the nutrients, it helps the plants to grow very well. The plant needs to ingest phosphorous and nitrogen. These are important for the growth of tomatoes.
When you take proper care of your tomatoes, you are going to get a bumper tomato harvest. If you notice is that the tomatoes began to change color from green to red or pink color. When that stage reaches, then you know that it is good to harvest it. When you harvest the tomatoes, you can store them in a cool place.